In this blog we explain what the particulate filter and the EGR do exactly, how pollution occurs and how you can clean the particulate filter and EGR yourself.
Car manufacturers are faced with increasing demands in terms of emissions. Various solutions are being developed for this, without, for example, affecting the car’s power. However, these developments also have disadvantages. Internal pollution is an example of this. The particulate filter, the EGR valve and the turbo, among other things, become heavily polluted, because the exhaust gases pass through the circuit several times before they are emitted.
Below you can easily see which topics are covered in this blog:
- What is a particulate filter good for?
- Regenerate the particulate filter
- Causes of the fault light are on
- Particulate filter clogged
- EGR valve: Function and problems related to the particulate filter
- Prevent internal pollution (preventive)
- Cleaning the diesel particulate filter with additive (curative)
What is a particulate filter good for?
To begin with, we will first look at the function of the particulate filter. The function of the EGR is further discussed in the blog. From 2006, all diesel engines are fitted with particulate filters as standard. The particulate filter is located in the exhaust system of a diesel engine and aims to collect fine (soot) particles from the exhaust gases, so that they do not pollute the environment.
The fine soot particles are filtered and collected temporarily. After about 1000 km of driving, the filter will be full of soot and the soot must be removed.
This is done by burning it, also known as “regeneration of the particulate filter”.
Regenerate the particulate filter
Soot only burns at about 550 ° C and that temperature is in principle not reached in a particulate filter. For that reason, some brands add Eolys to the fuel via a separate tank under the car. Eolys is a cerine-based liquid that lowers the combustion temperature of soot from 550 ° C to 450 ° C. Other brands inject extra diesel fuel so thatthe temperature in the filter is increased to 650 ° C, which will burn the soot.
To check how much soot is actually stored, the diesel engines with a particulate filter have a differential pressure sensor. As can be seen in the picture, the differential pressure sensor is connected between the front and back of the particulate filter. The differential pressure gives an indication of the amount of soot collected.
The signal is measured in the differential pressure sensor and passed to the computer. This is programmed in such a way that, based on this information, regeneration will take place at a certain pressure difference.
When the filter is clean, the pressure difference will be small. As the filter becomes more clogged, there will be a greater pressure difference and if the difference in pressure becomes too great, the diesel engine will regenerate. This means that the stored soot is burned, this is also called cleaning the soot filter.
Causes of the fault light are on
When problems arise and the diesel particulate filter failure light comes on, it is often difficult to find the cause. Particulate filters are (too) often incorrectly replaced. The particulate filter may be broken, but there are also other possible causes. What could be going on?
As mentioned, the differential pressure sensor transmits a signal to the computer. On the basis of this signal, regeneration may or may not take place. Regeneration will only take place under certain conditions. For example, the car has to drive above 70 km / h for a certain time to start the regeneration process.
For people who drive a lot of city traffic / short distances or are often in a traffic jam, the regeneration conditions may not be met. The result is a build-up of soot in the filter and at some point the fault light will come on with the message that there is an exhaust gas problem.
There may also be a problem with the differential pressure sensor. The pipe (hose) to the particulate filter may be cracked, the differential pressure sensor itself may be defective or there may be a wire break, for example in the signal wire to the computer.
All these causes mean that there is no automatic regeneration and it is clear that then a problem arises and the malfunction light comes on. The garage can then do a forced regeneration with their diagnostic device and get the filter clean again.
In addition, there are also additives available with “cerine” in them that lower the temperature at which soot will burn. However, if the car is not or hardly on the highway or there is a problem with the differential pressure sensor, the question is whether that helps a lot.
Particulate filter clogged
What is also important to know is that, during regeneration, the soot is burned, but that there is always a little ash that sticks to the wall of the soot filter. After about 150,000 km, this accumulation of ash residues can cause the particulate filter to become clogged too much and the engine failure light to come on.
A particulate filter that slowly fills with ash residues will have to regenerate more often. After all, the space in which the soot can be collected is getting smaller. This is therefore noticeable because regeneration is much more frequent, sometimes already with 350 km.
EGR valve: function and problems in relation to the particulate filter
The EGR valve (exhaust gas recirculation valve) ensures that part of the exhaust gases are led back into the combustion chamber. The goal: to reduce the emission of harmful nitrogen oxide (NOx).
NOx arises especially at high combustion temperatures. The exhaust gas that is fed back to the combustion chamber via the EGR is first cooled, thereby lowering the combustion temperature and reducing NOx emissions.
And that’s the only reason an EGR valve is mounted. The engine does not perform better, the consumption does not decrease (on the contrary) and because the exhaust gases are greasy, they build up in the valve itself, the inlet channel and the particulate filter. Because the exhaust gases precipitate and build up in the various parts, they will eventually cause problems.
The EGR valve itself will not open and close as well due to this contamination. The result: more exhaust gases that are returned to the combustion chambers than desired. That is a vicious circle because the EGR valve will pollute even more and faster. The inlet channel will also silt up, so that even less oxygen is drawn in and finally, more soot will also enter the soot filter, which clogs the soot filter.
As said, if the engine functions well and there are no problems with the differential pressure sensor, for example, the particulate filter can last a long time, about 150,000 km on average. The reason for having to replace (or have it cleaned) the filter therefore only relates to the accumulation of ash residues.
However, the more soot that needs to be burned, the sooner the soot filter will fill up with ash.
One of the main causes that a diesel particulate filter needs to be replaced earlier than normal is poor combustion. Bad combustion may be due to contamination of the injectors and as explained above due to contamination of the EGR valve. You can clean the EGR valve yourself with an additive.
Prevent internal contamination
There are a number of additives on the market that can be used to prevent pollution problems. Lindemann Diesel Boost, for example, is a perfect cleaning and protection additive for the fuel system and it will also protect the turbo, the EGR valve and the particulate filter against internal pollution. Lindemann’s Diesel Boost is easy to add to the fuel when refueling.
It directly results in an increase in the cetane number. The main effect of this is better combustion. And better combustion simply means less pollution and more power.
In short, when the Diesel Boost is added with every refueling, many problems with diesel engines will be prevented. 1 bottle of Diesel Boost of 400ml is good for 100 liters of diesel. This equates to 1 bottle of Lindemann Diesel Boost per 2 refueling cycles.
Clean the DPF yourself with an additive
Prevention is always better than cure. However, sometimes it is already too late. If this is the case, Lindemann still offers a solution. With the Total Care Diesel from Lindemann you can thoroughly clean the entire intake and exhaust system, the particulate filter and the EGR valve yourself.
This powerful cleaner removes stubborn dirt and carbon deposits from the EGR valve, turbo, injectors, pipes, inlet and outlet valves and the diesel particulate filter (DPF). This product is unique on the market due to the high concentration of active substances and the versatile effect. In short, a top product for cleaning the entire diesel system! The Lindemann TCD is the best and cheapest solution.
Want to know more about cleaning the particulate filter with an additive yourself? Please contact us without obligation. We are happy to assist you. Want to buy Lindemann Total Care Diesel directly? Continue to “Order Now!”.